https://commentaireetdissertation.fr/albert-camus-biographie Son grand-père a construit une partie du port d'Oran. Check out this biography to know about his childhood, family life, achievements & other facts related to his life. However, in 1938 his application for this degree was rejected by the Surgeon General of Algiers, so that the government would not have to pay for medical care for someone with Camus' history. His father worked as a cellarman and his mother was a cleaning woman. Like Sartre, Camus wrote and published political commentary on the conflict throughout its duration. He was buried in Lourmarin, France. Voir tout. In addition, he was also a journalist and regarded as The protagonists of The Stranger (1942) and The Plague (1947) must also confront the absurdity of social and cultural orthodoxies, with dire results. Il descend des premiers arrivants français dans cette colonie annexée à la France en 1834, et départementalisée en 1848. Le 17 octobre, il reçoit le prix Nobel. The writing style is clean and descriptive. Albert Camus (November 7, 1913 – January 4, 1960) was a French author and philosopher and one of the principal luminaries (with Jean-Paul Sartre) of existentialism. Conflicted, he ultimately sort of sided with the French, saying “I believe in justice, but I will defend my mother before justice.” Sartre sided with the FLN, further deepening their schism. Biography of Albert Camus, French-Algerian Philosopher and Author. He wrote two collections of essays: Letters to a German Friend in 1945 and Neither Victims Nor Executioners in 1946. Biography of Albert Camus. Son instituteur à l’école primaire, Louis … Il est aussi journaliste militant engagé dans la Résistance française et, proche des courants libertaires, dans les combats moraux de l'après-guerre. Camus est devenu connu pour son journalisme politique, ses romans et ses essais au cours des années 1940. Son père, envoyé au front, meurt des suites d’une blessure de guerre en 1914. The Camus family moved to the working-class district in Algiers shortly after Lucien’s death, where Albert lived with his mother Catherine, his older brother Lucien, his grandmother, and two uncles. While he is celebrated in France as a French author, suggestions that he be re-interred in the Panthéon in Paris along with other French literary icons was met with disgust by Jean Camus and French liberals. Due to this untimely loss, Camus was offered a scholarship to study philosophy and writing. He also enjoyed War and Peace and Don Quixote, which he admired for featuring a hero who lived outside the realities of life. Albert generally enjoyed his youth in Algiers, particularly the beach and the children's street games. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. Sa mère s'installe alors dans un des quartiers pauvres d'Alger, Belcourt. In addition to novels, he wrote and adapted plays, and was active in the theater during the 1940s and '50s. In this vibrant, engaging biography of Albert Camus, the internationally acclaimed author of The Stranger, The Plague, and The Fall, French writer and journalist Olivier Todd has richly tapped resources never before availablepersonal correspondence, notebooks, public records, as well as exclusive interviews with Camus's family, friends, fellow workers, mentors, and lovers. La région soutient le lycée Albert Camus Dans le cadre de l’opération appel à projet découverte Région 2018-2019 d’un montant de 1670.00 € et également pour l’opération appel à projet découverte Région 2018-2019 d’un montant de 2542.00 € Birth Place : Drean, Algeria. Rescuers take a last look at the shattered wreck of the powerful, custom built Facel Vega auto in which famed French author Albert Camus met death east of Paris. His later literary works include The Fall (1956) and Exile and the Kingdom (1957). Author of the satirical novella 'Candide,' Voltaire is widely considered one of France's greatest Enlightenment writers. He never knew his father who died on the battlefield in 1914, at the beginning of WWI. Albert Camus was a French Algerian writer best known for his absurdist works, including 'The Stranger' and 'The Plague.' These roots — the sun and the sea — have spread into all of Camus' writings — the novels, the plays, and the essays. He is considered one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century. Also Known For : Philosopher, Journalist. Camus’ early poverty was formative, and much of his later writing focused on the “awful wear and tear of poverty.” The family didn’t have electricity or running water in their cramped three-room apartment. Zodiac Sign : Scorpio. Biographie de Albert Camus (1913 - 1960) Biographie d'Albert Camus: Fils de Lucien Camus, ouvrier agricole mort pendant la Grande Guerre, et de Catherine Sintes, jeune servante d'origine espagnole, Albert Camus grandit à Alger et obtient son bac en 1932 avant de faire des études de philosophie. With great technical skill, he stressed man's need to carry out responsibilities in a fight against social evils. 4,8 sur 5 étoiles 11. Albert Camus was a French intellectual and influential philosopher who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957. Elements of absurdism and existentialism are present in Camus' most celebrated writing. Albert Camus (November 7, 1913–January 4, 1960) was a French-Algerian writer, dramatist, and moralist. 1: L'étranger Albert Camus 755 critiques 689 citations Condamné à mort, Meursault. Albert Camus naît à Mondovi (Algérie) le 7 Novembre 1913. Albert Camus was the second youngest recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature (after Rudyard Kipling). Camus standing in Algeria became fraught in the 50s. The dominant philosophical contribution of Camus' work is absurdism. Albert Camus, like Samuel Beckett, is often associated with existentialism and the absurd, but his rise to prominence mirrored that of deeply political writers like Federico García Lorca. A woman holds a book by French literary activist Albert Camus in Zuccotti Park along with members of the Occupy Wall Street movement before they marched to the Brooklyn Bridge on October 1, 2011 in New York City. His mother was partially deaf. Camus fait un nouveau voyage en Grèce ; sa santé donne de nouveau de l'inquiétude. His mother was of Spanish decent and his father was Lucien and a poor agricultural worker who died in the battle of Marne in World War I. Camus was brought up in poor living standard in Belcourt section of Algiers. Camus turned away from the Algerian conflict to write The Fall in 1956, a meditative novel that focused on a French lawyer recounting his life and failings. In the workshop of Albert Camus' uncle in Algiers in 1920. Camus fut algérien et algérois, journaliste, essayiste, romancier, dramaturge, metteur en scène, acteur... Avec cette biographie, sa personnalité apparaît dans toute sa complexité, grâce à de nombreux inédits dont sa correspondance. In 1957, Camus published a short story collection, Exile and the Kingdom, and an essay, “Reflections on the Guillotine,” which condemned the death penalty. Riding off that endorsement, in 1946 Camus took his own tour, and spent time in New York and Boston. Il est le second enfant de Lucien Camus, ouvrier agricole et de Catherine Sintes, une jeune servante d'origine espagnole qui ne sait pas écrire et qui s'exprime difficilement. Albert Camus : Biographie Albert Camus (1913-1960) est devenu l’auteur classique par excellence, celui qu’on étudie dans toutes les classes de lycée. A la mort de son père en 1914, parti combattre comme zouave, Albert et son frè[...] Page 2. Albert Camus (/kæˈmuː/ kam-OO, US also /kəˈmuː/ kə-MOO, French: [albɛʁ kamy] (listen); 7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.He won the Nobel Prize in Literature at the age of 44 in 1957, the second-youngest recipient in history. However, as a Pied-Noir, or European-Algerian, his poverty was not as complete as that faced by Arab and Berber populations in Algeria, who were considered second-class citizens in the French-controlled state. Pourtant, sa mort laisse en moi un vide énorme. While he is often associated with existentialism, he rejected the label, expressing surprise that he would be viewed as a philosophical ally of Sartre. Elle est pianiste spécialiste de la musique de Bach, et enseigne aussi les mathématiques,,. In the wreckage, the police recovered a briefcase containing the unfinished handwritten manuscript for The First Man, which was set in Algeria and was dedicated to his mother, despite her illiteracy. Camus won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957 and died on January 4, 1960, in Burgundy, France. The third cycle was to have focused on Judgement and contained The First Man, while sketches for the fourth (Love) and fifth (Creation) cycles were incomplete. Camus learned that Simone conducted affairs with doctors in exchange for drugs and the pair separated. Parmi toutes ces rencontres, la plus décisive pour l'enfant Camus a été sa mère, qui l'a élevé seule. Camus would later be associated with the French anarchist movement. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature at the age of 44 in 1957, the second-youngest recipient in history. Albert Camus (7 novembre 1913 - 4 janvier 1960) était un écrivain, dramaturge et moraliste franco-algérien. Sur une plage algérienne, il a tué un Arabe. Mini Bio (1) Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria. Although he believed André Malraux deserved the award, as a “Frenchman from Algeria,” he hoped the award might foster camaraderie during the conflict, and thus did not turn it down. Biographie d'Albert Camus, écrivain et philosophe français, auteur de Caligula (1938), Le Mythe de Sisyphe (1942), L'Etranger (1942) et La Peste (1947). His pied-noir family had little money. Albert Camus, né le 7 novembre 1913 à Mondovi, près de Bône, en Algérie, et mort accidentellement le 4 janvier 1960 à Villeblevin, dans l'Yonne en France, est un écrivain, philosophe, romancier, dramaturge, essayiste et nouvelliste français. Albert passed and thus continued his education instead of starting work like his brother Lucien. In 1933, Camus began studying philosophy at the University of Algiers and, despite many false starts, he kept very busy. His father was killed in World War I. Camus then lives with his mother in low-income neighbors of Algeria. Albert Camus soleil et ombre: Une biographie intellectuelle. ALBERT CAMUS Albert Camus (1913-1960), écrivain de l'absurde, philosophe, prix Nobel de littérature en 1957. Prince Albert married his first cousin, Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, at the age of 20, and after his untimely death at age 42, the queen's memory of him guided her for the next 40 years. Camus' second novel, The Plague, follows a devastating and randomly destructive plague in French Algeria and was published in 1947, followed by his plays State of Siege in 1948 and The Just Assassins in 1949. Albert Camus Biography Albert Camus was born November 7, 1913, and reared in Algeria, a country exposed to the blistering African sun and the plain by the Mediterranean sea. Albert Camus Biography Albert Camus was born November 7, 1913, and reared in Algeria, a country exposed to the blistering African sun and the plain of the Mediterranean sea. Il est le second enfant de Lucien Camus, ouvrier agricole et de Catherine Sintes, une jeune servante d'origine espagnole qui ne sait pas écrire et qui s'exprime difficilement. Albert Camus est né le 7 novembre 1913 à Mondovi en Algérie. Mais Actuelles III, recueil des articles sur l'Algérie, souffre d'une conspiration du silence. He was a French philosopher, novelist, essayist, and playwright, best known for such novels as L’Étranger (1942; The Stranger), La Peste (1947; The Plague), and La Chute (1956; The Fall) and for his work in leftist causes. Skip to content ... Grenier, Roger, Albert Camus : soleil et ombre : une biographie intellectuelle. Il passe son enfance à Alger dans un quartier pauvre. Albert lived with his father for just eight months, until the outbreak of World War I. Lucien was called up and was … Maman. Camus’ Death. Albert Camus (November 7, 1913–January 4, 1960) was a French-Algerian writer, dramatist, and moralist. In 1939, Camus tried to enlist to fight in World War II, but was rejected for health reasons. His legacy as an Algerian and French writer is a contested one. He received the award in 1957 for his significant literary work that explored the problems regarding the human conscience. Albert Camus - Albert Camus est né en 1913 en Algérie dans le Constantinois dans une famille aux origines modestes, son père est ouvrier caviste et sa mère illettrée et en partie sourde fait des ménages\. The Algerian war precluded The First Man’s publication after Camus' death, and it wasn't until 1994 when the unfinished text was published, in part due to the civil war in Algeria and support by some Algerian writers and publishers, who identified with Camus' work. Albert Camus nait le 7 novembre 1913 en Algérie. After celebrating Christmas and New Year at their country home in Lourmarin, the Camus family headed back to Paris. His best-known works, including The Stranger (1942) and The Plague (1947), are exemplars of absurdism. We strive for accuracy and fairness. As a teenager, he enjoyed sports, such as swimming and footbal… The German occupation prompted the censorship of the Alger Républican, but Camus got a new job working on the layout of the Paris-Soir magazine, so the couple moved to occupied Paris. Also an existentialist philosopher, she had a long-term relationship with Jean-Paul Sartre. Son œuvre d’écrivain comprend des pièces de théâtre, des romans, des nouvelles, des poèmes et des essais dans lesquels il développe les thèmes de l’absurdité de la condition humaine et de la … En 1957, il donne un nouveau recueil de nouvelles, l'Exil et le royaume. Albert Camus (/ kæˈmuː / kam-OO, US also / kəˈmuː / kə-MOO, French: [albɛʁ kamy] (listen); 7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French Algerian philosopher, author, and journalist. Biographie d'Albert Camus L’enfance algérienne et les débuts Albert Camus est né en 1913 en Algérie. Camus' father died in combat during World War I, after which Camus lived with his mother, who was partially deaf, in a low-income section of Algiers. Voici une liste d'ouvrages célèbres d'Albert Camus ainsi que des biographies, des études et des essais à propos de son oeuvre. The French retaliated in 1955 and indiscriminately killed and tortured Arab and Berber FLN fighters and civilians. In 1940, Camus married a math teacher, Francine Faure. Early Life (Young Albert Camus) Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, French Algeria. Camus became political during his student years, joining first the Communist Party and then the Algerian People's Party. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957 at age 43, one of the youngest recipients of the award. The Nobel Prize in Literature 1957 was awarded to Albert Camus "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times". Lucien Camus est mobilisé pendant la première guerre mondiale et meurt lors de la Bataille de la Marne. Camus published The Stranger  (L ‘Etranger) in 1942, and the essay collection The Myth of Sisyphus in 1943. Albert Camus biography 1913-43. He quit the team following a bout of tuberculosis in 1930, thereafter focusing on academic study. Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria, then part of France. Ses œuvres les plus connues, notamment L'étranger (1942) et La peste (1947) sont des exemples d'absurdisme. Lottman follows events of … The second cycle, Revolt, was made up of The Plague, The Rebel, and The Just Assassins. Camus described himself as an atheist with “Christian preoccupations,” as he focused on the meaning of life, reasons for living, and morality, unlike his contemporaries who were more preoccupied with consciousness and free will. Jean-Paul Sartre was a 20th century intellectual, writer and activist who put forth pioneering ideas on existentialism. Il était connu pour ses essais et romans philosophiques prolifiques et est considéré comme l'un des ancêtres du mouvement existentialiste, même s'il a rejeté l'étiquette. His parents were Spanish-French-Algerian (pied noir) colonists. “For Marx, nature is to be subjugated in order to obey history.” The treatise suggested that Marxist Soviet communism was a greater evil than capitalism, a view that opposed Sartre’s. Camus considered The First Man to be his most important work and expressed to friends that it would mark the beginning of his real writing career. Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondovi, Algeria. These roots — the sun and the sea — have spread into all of Camus' writings — the novels, the plays, and the essays. His mother was impoverished and nearly deaf, so the two of them moved to Camus’ grandmother’s apartment in the … Son père meurt à la première bataille de la Marne en 1914 où est également mort le père de Camus. In secondary school, Camus studied under the philosophy teacher Jean Grenier. He also thought himself a moral writer, rather than a philosopher, claiming that “I am not a philosopher, and for me thought is an interior adventure that matures, that hurts or transports one.”. Sa mère s'installe alors dans un des … Albert Camus Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. Biographie . Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria in 1913. Albert Camus was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957. Albert's father, a vineyard laborer and thus essentially part of the peasant class, was nevertheless a self-educated man. Albert Camus, (born November 7, 1913, Mondovi, Algeria—died January 4, 1960, near Sens, France), French novelist, essayist, and playwright, best known for such novels as L’Étranger (1942; The Stranger), La Peste (1947; The Plague), and La Chute (1956; The Fall) and for his work in leftist causes. Albert Camus, pictured at a book signing after recently being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. French writer Simone de Beauvoir laid the foundation for the modern feminist movement. Albert Camus died at the age of 46 on January 4, 1960, in a fatal car accident in Sens, near Villeblevin in Burgundy, France. He gave a speech (in French) to the students at Columbia University on the current state of France called, “The Human Crisis.” While the speech was meant to talk about literature and theater, his speech instead focused on “the struggle for life and for humanity.” Explaining the philosophy and morality of his generation, Camus said: The Cold War and human struggles under totalitarianism became increasingly important in Camus' work, and he began focusing more on tyranny and revolution than German moral quandaries. Camus wrote a long rebuttal, suggesting that “theoretically [liberating] the individual” was not enough if people continued to face hardship. https://www.biography.com/scholar/albert-camus. Camus cited ancient Greek philosophy as a defining influence, saying in an interview that “I feel I have a Greek heart... the Greeks did not deny their gods, but they only gave them their portion.” He found inspiration in the work of Blaise Pascal, particularly his Pensées, a five-part argument on the merits of believing in a God. Fifty years after Camus' death, diary entries were uncovered suggesting that Soviet agents had punctured the tires in Camus' car to prompt the accident. He attended public schools and worked hard to be accepted into the University of Algiers. Died On : January 4, 1960. When a chapter from the treatise was preemptively published in Sartre’s newspaper Les Temps Modernes, Sartre did not review the work himself, but assigned it to an editor that tried to dismantle The Rebel. As novelist and playwright, moralist and political theorist, Albert Camus after World War II became the spokesman of his own generation and the mentor of the next, not only in France but also in Europe and eventually the world. Camus divided his work into cycles ruminating on a single moral problem, yet he was only able to complete two of the planned five before his death. A lot of Albert Camus’s work is dotted with the imprint of wars and how this particular heartbreak marked a big part of the 20th century. His father was wounded in 1914 and died at … Le jeune Albert ne connaîtra pas son père. Born on November 7, 1913 in the city of Algiers, Algeria, Albert Camus was raised in a poor working family dominated by a stern grandmother. Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria on 7th November 1913, the second son of Lucien and Catherine Camus. En 1944, Albert Camus avait déjà publié L'Étranger et Le Mythe de Sisyphe, mais c'était aussi un journaliste qui avait fait ses classes en Algérie au journal, Alger Républicain. Il est le second enfant de Lucien Camus, ouvrier agricole et de Catherine Sintes, une jeune servante d'origine espagnole qui ne sait pas écrire et qui s'exprime difficilement. Camus went to Algeria and suggested Algerian autonomy within a French empire coupled with a civilian truce, which neither side supported. Sartre had given a lecture tour in America in 1945 and proclaimed Camus one of France’s best new literary minds. Camus was against both the FLN’s violent tactics and the French government’s racist attitudes. But this family idyll was not harmonious. Ils ont un autre fils, Lucien. However, in 1937 Camus was expelled from the party for supporting Arab civil rights. Albert Camus naît à Mondovi (Algérie) le 7 Novembre 1913. He was born into a low-income family. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work. Il est décédé le 4 ... Lire la suite Le meilleur; Biographie; Actualité; Artistes similaires; Avis; Decouvrez le meilleur de Albert Camus. Sa mère, à moitié sourde, qui ne sait ni lire ni écrire, retourne chez sa … Biographie d'Albert Camus (1913-1960) 1913- 1932 Une enfance pauvre Albert Camus naît à Mondovi (Algérie) le 7 Novembre 1913. Albert Camus, L'Etranger Biographie de Camus - Né le 7 novembre 1913 en Algérie à Mondovi, il est le second enfant de Lucien Camus, ouvrier agricole, et de Catherine Sintes, une jeune servante d'origine espagnole. Throughout his life he would maintain an exceptionally close contact with her that went … Francine was suffering from mental illness and Camus carried out several simultaneous affairs. Intro Biographie Œuvres Liens. Author. The biography made the 1979 ALA Notable Books for Adults list. His father, named Lucien Camus died in the Battle of Marne (1914) during WWI. Connu également comme un journaliste militant très engagé dans la Résistance française, elle décède à Villeblevin une localité de l’Yonne le 4 janvier 1960. 20th century Irish novelist, playwright and poet Samuel Beckett penned the play 'Waiting for Godot.' In 1943, he also became the editor for the resistance newspaper Combat. Son père, Lucien Camus, ouvrier caviste, est issu d’une famille alsacienne venue en Algérie en 1971. His complicated relationship with the Parisian salon community, especially with Jean-Paul Sartre, fueled controversy over many of his moral works. In 1934, he married the bohemian morphine addict Simone Hié, whose mother financially supported the couple during their brief marriage. Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Drean, French Algeria. Biographie. À cause du soleil, dira-t-il, parce qu'il faisait chaud. Biography of Albert Camus On November 7, 1913, Albert Camus was born in Mondovi, Algeria to Lucien Camus, whose family had settled in Algeria in 1871. Albert Einstein was a physicist who developed the general theory of relativity. Despite their public falling out, Sartre wrote a moving obituary for Camus, saying that: In a later interview, Sartre described Camus as “probably my last good friend.”. The first cycle, The Absurd, contained The Stranger, The Myth of Sisyphus, The Misunderstanding, and Caligula. Lucien Camus est mobilisé pendant la première guerre mondiale et meurt lors de la Bataille de la Marne. Erwin Schrödinger was a Nobel Prize-winning Austrian physicist whose groundbreaking wave equation changed the face of quantum theory. Profile of Toni Morrison, Nobel Prize Winning Novelist, Biography of Samuel Beckett, Irish Novelist, Playwright, and Poet, The Life and Work of Voltaire, French Enlightenment Writer, Octavio Paz, Mexican Poet, Writer, and Nobel Prize Winner, 10 Works of 1940s Literature Still Taught Today, A List of Every Nobel Prize Winner in Literature, Memorable Quotes From 'The Plague' by Camus, Biography of William Golding, British Novelist, Biography of Frantz Fanon, Author of 'Wretched of the Earth', https://www.theguardian.com/books/2010/feb/28/albert-camus-algeria-anniversary-row. Albert Camus became known for his political journalism, novels and essays during the 1940s. Birthday : November 7, 1913. Albert Camus est un écrivain, philosophe, romancier et nouvelliste français né le 7 novembre 1913 à Mondovi, en Algérie, alors colonie française. Il dédie ses Discours de Suède à l'instituteur Louis Germain. Albert Camus Biographical A lbert Camus (1913-1960) was a representative of non-metropolitan French literature. He was born in Algiers in 1913 and suffered the loss of his father in World War I. Albert Camus A Concise Biography. BIOGRAPHIE Albert Camus naît à Mondovi (Algérie) le 7 Novembre 1913. At the end of 1959, he was writing love letters to a Danish artist known as Mi, American Patricia Blake, actress Catherine Sellers, and the actress Maria Casares, who Camus had been dating for over 15 years. Camus was diagnosed with tuberculosis and for the rest of his life suffered from debilitating bouts of illness. Grand amoureux, Albert Camus a eu de nombreuses liaisons. On the afternoon of January 4, Camus' car swerved, leaving the road in Villeblevin, and struck two trees. Francine, Catherine, and Jean took the train, while Camus drove with the Gallimard family. The success of these works got him a job as an editor working with his publisher, Michel Gallimard. Most scholars discount this theory, as traffic fatalities in France in the 1960s far exceeded the numbers in neighboring states due to a French fascination with fast cars. 1913 - Albert Camus naît le 7 novembre en Algérie à Mondovi dans le département de Constantine. Albert Camus est né en Algérie en 1913 et mort à Villeblevin, dans l'Yonne en 1960. Né le 7 novembre 1913 à Mondovi en Algérie, Albert Camus est le deuxième fils de Lucien et Catherine Camus et de Catherine. Camus wrote a treatise on communism, The Rebel, in 1951. Elle rencontre Camus à Alger, en … Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in Mondavi, French Algeria. Ecrivain, dramaturge, romancier, philosophe, nouvelliste et essayiste français, Albert Camus naît à Saint Paul à Mondovi près de Bône 7 novembre 1913. In 1944, he wrote and produced the play The Misunderstanding, followed by Caligula in 1945. Camus did not consider himself an existentialist, even though he found inspiration in existentialist works by Dostoevsky and Nietzsche. Camus was isolated and in poor standing with both his communities in Paris and Algeria, yet he remained true to the political nature of his own work, saying in his acceptance speech: Even though he was the second-youngest recipient in Nobel history, he told reporters that the lifetime achievement award made him question the work he would do after: “The Nobel gave me the sudden feeling of being old.”. By 1936, he had obtained undergraduate and graduate degrees in philosophy. Albert was very devoted to his mother, even though they had difficulty communicating due to her hearing and speech impediments. On October 11, 1914, Lucien died after being wounded in the Battle of the Marne. His father, Lucien Camus, came from a family of French migrants and worked at a winery until he was brought into service during World War I. Biographie d'Albert Camus, philosophe et auteur franco-algérien. Sartre and Camus had been disagreeing over the historical long game and the importance of the individual for a few years, but their discord came to a head with The Rebel. His cherished mother was half deaf and illiterate. Sa mère, Catherine Sintès, est d’origine majorquine. Albert Camus, discours devant l'Académie du prix Nobel. Moins d'un an après sa naissance, son père est mobilisé en métropole. Albert Camus with his wife as they were interviewed by a newsman in Paris after it was announced that Camus had won the Nobel Prize for Literature.