By 1870 Minneapolis was the country’s top producer of flour. Subsequent developments almost ruined the falls before the citizens of Minneapolis recognized the value of the falls and took steps to preserve them. History of Minneapolis, gateway to the Northwest Type Book Author Marion Daniel Shutter Publisher S.J. Minneapolis Building Permit Index Cards Learn about the construction and improvement history of your house or building (1884-1974). Delve into Minneapolis’ milling history at the Mill City Museum. Area city, 58 square miles (150 square km). In the 1960s, a proposal to build a freeway through the area was fought. The Franciscan missionary Louis Hennepin visited the area in 1680 and named St. Anthony Falls, which later provided power for grinding flour for Fort Snelling (1819; now a state park), a military outpost at the confluence of the rivers. The number of settlers on the west side of the river quickly grew and the new community took the name of Minneapolis, meaning city of waters. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Minneapolis, Official Tourism Site of Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, Minneapolis - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Share on Discovering the Cartography of the Past. Minneapolis, the largest city in Minnesota and the seat of Hennepin County, is located in the southeast central part of the state on the Mississippi River.It is adjacent to its “twin city” of St. Paul.. 11 Things You Didn’t Know About The History Of Minneapolis. The village of St. Anthony developed on the east side of the falls. St. Paul, Minnesota: Minnesota Historical Society; Aby, Anne J. Bridge over the Mississippi River, Minneapolis, Minn. St. Anthony Falls, on the Mississippi River at the site of Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Downtown: A History of Downtown Minneapolis and Saint Paul in the Words of the People Who Lived It (Minnesota) | Anderson, David | ISBN: 9780931714832 | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. It stood from 1890 until it was torn down starting in List of Minneapolis Chiefs of Police (514 words) [view diff] exact match in snippet view article find links to article Nicknamed the ‘twin cities’, Minneapolis-St Paul began life as two separate towns that both perched beside the mighty Mississippi River. 1906-29. Despite what we know about Minneapolis today, many of us aren’t aware of some of the city’s historic secrets. Participate in community safety Be part of ensuring the safety of all members of our community. Throughout the city’s history the great majority of its residents have been of European (notably Scandinavian) ancestry, but that proportion has been decreasing, and the number of African Americans, Asians, and Hispanics has been growing; blacks now constitute roughly one-fifth of the population. They stopped all the traffic and made us feel safe. After World War I the availability of lower freight charges by means of Great Lakes shipping shifted much of the export flour trade to Buffalo, New York, though Minneapolis remained the headquarters for some large milling companies. It was reopened in 1869 and gave degrees to its first two graduates in 1871. Minneapolis, the largest city in Minnesota, is situated on both sides of the Mississippi River at the 45th parallel. The Minnesota Legislature incorporated the University of Minnesota in 1851. It lies upriver and west of St. Paul. Of historical and cultural interest are the Guthrie Theater, the Minnesota Opera, the Minnesota Orchestra, the American Swedish Institute, the Walker Art Center, the Hennepin History Museum, the Minneapolis Institute of Arts, and the Bell Museum of Natural History. A small extension of the northern boundary makes Minnesota the most northerly of the 48 conterminous U.S. states. The territory that eventually became Minnesota was first visited by Father Louis Hennepin in 1680, from whose exploration the French based their claim of jurisdiction. Finally, in 1920, voters approved a charter plan that granted Minneapolis home rule. The first European settlement in the region was near what is now known as the town of Stillwater, Minnesota. Most of us who live here like to think we know Minneapolis pretty well. Target Field is home to Minnesota’s baseball (Twins) team, and the state’s gridiron football (Vikings) team plays at U.S. Bank Stadium. It became the 32nd state of the union on May 11, 1858. Within its limits are 22 lakes and lagoons and some 170 parks. Timeline Attributes. Do you remember a time when downtown Minneapolis had very few skyways, no stadiums and lots of department stores? Date 1895 Abstract Classic booster history of Minneapolis with great details of the city’s early years. The population of Minneapolis grew steadily from the late 19th to the mid-20th century, reaching a peak of 521,718 in 1950. The land remained under French control until 1762, when it passed to the Spanish. A 12-mile (19-km) light-rail transit line, connecting downtown Minneapolis with the airport and the Mall of America in suburban Bloomington, opened in 2004. Theodore Wirth is appointed Superintendent of Parks in 1906. In the mid 1800s, Minneapolis’s “Twin City” was actually a completely different Saint – St. Anthony. Here are some other important events in Minnesota history. Co. Collection newyorkpubliclibrary; americana Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor New York Public Library … 1000-2010 Mercator. Railroads, which multiplied connections with Chicago and the south and with the east through Sault Ste. Several professional sports teams are based in Minneapolis. On the east side of the river, the community of St. Anthony was platted in 1849. William D. Green, history professor at Augsburg University: Back in 1860, even though Minnesota was free soil and had in its constitution a ban against slavery, slaveholders would come to … [Isaac Atwater; John H Stevens;] Home. The city of Minneapolis was officially recognized in 1856 as a town within the territory of Minnesota. The proposed freeway, Interstate 335, would connect I-94 in north Minneapolis to I-35W north of the University of Minnesota. Minneapolis is the largest city in the state of Minnesota in the United States, and the county seat of Hennepin County. Minnesota Historical Society Press. Minneapolis was incorporated as a city in 1867 and five years later absorbed St. Anthony as well. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Co. From restaurants and bars to natural areas and entire neighborhoods, we each have our own favorite spots to spend time. Minneapolis, the state’s most populous city, spreads out on a relatively level plain. Publishing, milling, food processing, graphic arts, insurance, and high-technology industries are also important. Spain returned it to France in 1801, whereupon Napoleon negotiated its sale to the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. History of Minneapolis Schools 1834 Rev. Portions of Bde Maka Ska and Lake of the Isles are dredged, parkways and paths constructed, park buildings, golf courses and concession stands opened, and recreation programs provided. Fort Snelling held jurisdictio… Our Lady of Lourdes, the historic Catholic church in downtown Minneapolis. A discussion of the first public art gallery west of the Mississippi River, from the documentary. The city’s riverfront is part of Mississippi National River and Recreation Area (1988). I loved that the tour guides took photos and uploaded them on a website for no extra cost. Lake Minnetonka, 12 miles (19 km) long and with 110 miles (177 km) of irregular shoreline, is in the western suburban area; its outlet, Minnehaha Creek, flows eastward and then drops 53 feet (16 metres) over an escarpment at Minnehaha Falls. The the fort reservation corresponded to most of present-day Minneapolis as well as much of St. Paul. The origin and growth of the city was spurred by the proximity of Fort Snelling, the first major United States military presence in the area, and by its location on Saint Anthony Falls, which provided power for sawmills and flour mills. Updates? The area also has a history of historic preservation. J.D. Find Police Department information View … Minnesota, constituent state of the United States of America. Land was bought and cleared with residents relocating before the project was finally defeated by local residents and activists. The city is approximately 20 miles from downtown Saint Paul and lies on the western bank of the St. Croix River, which forms the border of central Minnesota and Wisconsin. The incident sparked nationwide concern for the safety of the country’s infrastructure. The state’s men’s (Timberwolves) and women’s (Lynx) professional basketball teams play at the Target Center, and its Major League Soccer team (Minnesota United FC) plays at TCF Bank Stadium. A weird history explaining why Minneapolis is called the Twin Cities. Alternative Title: North Star State. Our collection of old historical maps of Minnesota span over 400 years of growth. A lack of students and the onset of the Civil War led to the university being closed in 1861. The university now operates twenty different colleges and serves more than 45,000 students. The land remained under French control until 1762, when it passed to the Spanish. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Interstate 35W bridge over the Mississippi River in Minneapolis, Minn., collapsed on Aug. 1, 2007. Move Minneapolis Forward See how we're improving public safety and the lives of people affected by COVID-19. Minneapolis-St Paul History. History of Minneapolis, Minnesota. Minneapolis, the largest city in Minnesota, is situated on both sides of the Mississippi River at the 45th parallel. A year later the National Transportation Safety Board concluded that the bridge had collapsed because of a design flaw. Minneapolis Parent places: Minnesota; Old Maps Online. At the same time, the population of the Twin Cities metropolitan area increased rapidly, fueled by the movement of thousands from city to suburbs. Old maps of Minneapolis on Old Maps Online. Minneapolis Public Library (2001). We are from Texas and wanted something fun to do beside explore the Mall of America … Read more. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Its first classes were held in St. Anthony. Old maps of Minneapolis Discover the past of Minneapolis on historical maps Browse the old maps. It lies at the head of navigation on the Mississippi River, near the river’s confluence with the Minnesota River. Its name was derived from the Sioux word minne, meaning “water,” and the Greek polis, for “city.” St. Anthony was chartered as a city in 1860 and Minneapolis in 1867; the two cities merged as Minneapolis in 1872. The Wild Botanic Garden opens in 1907. Highly diversified manufactures include metal products, electronics, precision instruments, medical devices, plastics, machinery, computers and computer equipment, chemicals, automotive parts, and agricultural products. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Skyline of Minneapolis, Minn., with the Mississippi River in the foreground. Mill City: A Visual History of the Minneapolis Mill District. History of Hennepin county and the city of Minneapolis, including the Explorers and pioneers of Minnesota Item Preview ... History, Minneapolis (Minn.) -- History, Minneapolis (Minn.) -- Biography, Hennepin County (Minn.) -- Directories Publisher Minneapolis, North Star Pub. The climate is cool temperate, with long, cold winters and warm summers. Since 1877, where the riverfront goes to pray. Omissions? Paul–Bloomington Metro Area, 2,968,806; (2010) 382,578; Minneapolis–St. It lies upriver and west of St. Paul. By 1916, Minneapolis produced over 18 million barrels of flour a year. In order to establish its presence in the area, the United States built Fort Snelling in 1819, on land acquired by Lieutenant Zebulon Pike from the Sioux Indians near the junction of the Mississippi and Minnesota rivers in 1805. Sioux and Ojibwa peoples were early inhabitants of the region. View Minnesota Maps such as historical county boundaries changes, old vintage maps, as well as road / highway maps for all 87 counties in Minnesota. History of Minneapolis mills and bridges. Minneapolis is now a commercial, transportation, distribution, health care, financial, and industrial centre. Search by address or street name. Search. The flour milling industry was established early in the city's development and has remained a mainstay of the economy. According to the Minnesota Historical Society, Minneapolis’s original nickname of “The Twin Cities” may not have had anything to do with St. Paul at all. The falls were an important factor in the city’s early economic growth as a lumber and flour-milling centre. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Its name was derived from the Sioux word minne, meaning “water,” and the Greek polis, for “city.” St. Anthony was chartered as a city in 1860 and Minneapolis in 1867; the two cities merged as Minneapolis in 1872. The first people who came to the region that now forms Minnesota during the last Ice Age, following herds of large game. Clarke Pub. (2002). Minneapolis, city, seat of Hennepin county, southeastern Minnesota, U.S. Stevens opens the first school in Minneapolis on the shores of Lake Harriet with four pupils. With the popularity and accessibility of the camera in the mid to late 1800s, photographers were able … The lumber industry initially flourished in the area surrounding Minneapolis, but eventually the timber was exhausted and the loggers moved farther west. 1851–1852 Mary Schofield opens a … The Anishinaabe, the Sioux, and the ot… With adjoining St. Paul to the east, it forms the Twin Cities metropolitan area, the largest conurbation in the state and in the U.S. north-central region. In 1852, President Millard Fillmore signed an act of Congress that reduced the Fort Snelling reservation, opening more territory to white settlement. Co. History Of Minneapolis. We were the first state to reject a constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage by a popular vote. Paul–Bloomington Metro Area, 3,279,833. The Twin Cities region is a rail and trucking centre and includes a major international airport in the southeastern corner of Minneapolis. St. Anthony Falls, on the Mississippi River at the site of Minneapolis, Minnesota, U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. ISBN 0873514440 The Skyway, a system of enclosed, climate-controlled pedestrian walkways located on the second-floor level, connects various points in the downtown area. The number of people subsequently began declining until about 1990, when the city population basically stabilized. 3 10. After Minnesota became a state in 1858, the city of Minneapolis grew and eventually merged with the town of Saint Anthony in 1872, making our city’s perimeter what it is known as today. Suburban communities include Columbia Heights (north), Brooklyn Park (northwest), Plymouth and St. Louis Park (west), and Richfield and Bloomington (south). Founded by immigrants arriving from Sweden, Norway, Denmark and northern Germany, Minneapolis came first, founded on the west bank in 1855, opposite St Anthony Falls. Another settlement that began fueling early interest in the area was the outpost at Fort Snelling, which was constructed from 1820 to 1825 at the confluence of the Minnesota River and the Mississippi River. Ultimately new housing and industrial … I learned some interesting history on the tour about the old mills and bridges. Pennefeather, Shannon M. (2003). Settlers had begun occupying U.S. military-reservation land on the west side of the river in 1849; in 1855 the government gave these illegal squatters patent rights, and the village of Minneapolis was incorporated in 1856. Marie, Michigan, were completed in the late 19th century. In 1680, Father Louis Hennepin visited the future site of Minneapolis and gave the Falls of St. Anthony their name. Minneapolis has a long history of inclusion, forward thinking policy, and of being a pioneer in the LGBTQ community. Minneapolis garnered national and international attention on August 1, 2007, when the Interstate 35W bridge over the Mississippi River collapsed unexpectedly during rush hour, causing 13 fatalities and nearly 150 injuries. The lumber business reached its height in the late 19th century, when logs from the forests of the north jammed the river. “Historic Hotel with a bit of a Vegas, club vibe ” “ It's in the restored historic Foshay tower, a Minneapolis landmark, and every detail was perfection, with a seamless combination of elegance and funkiness. Minneapolis charter reformers should study the history ... of St. Paul Resistance to the city manager plan in Minnesota's capital city decades ago should be a cautionary tale for Minneapolis. The territory that eventually became Minnesota was first visited by Father Louis Hennepin in 1680, from whose exploration the French based their claim of jurisdiction. Eager to utilize the water power inherent in the Falls of St. Anthony, commercial interests developed a large canal along First Street South to deliver water to the mills. 1849 The first private school opens in St. Anthony (which merged with Minneapolis in 1872). Same-sex marriage became legal in Minnesota in 2013. History of Minneapolis and Hennepin County, Minnesota. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? (2000) 382,618; Minneapolis–St. History of Minneapolis and Hennepin County, Minnesota Type Book Author Isaac Atwater Author John H Stevens Place New York Publisher Munsell Pub. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. Drag sliders to specify date range From: To: Fulltext search: Title: Author: Map scale: to. be one of the most architecturally significant structures in the history of Minneapolis, Minnesota. The history of Minnesota is comprised of several different periods: Native American inhabitation after the last Ice Age, exploration by explorers and fur traders during the 1600s and 1700s, land acquisition by the United States in the late 1700s and early 1800s, and the eventual foundation as Minnesota Territory in 1849 and the 32nd US state on May 11, 1858. In the second half of the 20th century, the city remained one of the nation’s primary wheat markets; the Minneapolis Grain Exchange was still one of the largest cash exchange markets in the world. Minneapolis has the main portion of the University of Minnesota, Twin Cities (1851), campus; other institutions of higher education include Augsburg College (Lutheran; 1869), Dunwoody College of Technology (1914), Minneapolis College of Art and Design (1886), a campus of Metropolitan State University (1971), and North Central University (Pentecostal; 1930). “A History of Minneapolis”. Pop. As wheat growing in the northwest increased, flour milling superseded lumbering as the leading industry (the last lumber mill closed in 1919). The North Star State: A Minnesota History Reader. The museum took its name from one of the city’s nicknames, the “Mill City.” The first commercial flour mill opened in 1854, and by 1863, fifteen mills produced 1.25 million barrels of flour a year. Minneapolis History Facts and Timeline (Minneapolis, Minnesota - MN, USA) Together with Saint Paul, the capital of Minnesota, the city of Minneapolis forms the 'Twin Cities' along the banks of the mighty Mississippi River. When Delegard began searching for evidence of racial disparities in Minneapolis history, she found a set of documents in the Hennepin County property records that had created a system of racial segregation starting in the early 20th century. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login).